EUR/USD extended its daily decline toward 1.0500 in the second half of the American session, pressured by the souring market mood. Despite the bullish action seen earlier in the week, the pair remains on track to register weekly losses.
Following an earlier recovery attempt, GBP/USD turned south and declined below 1.2100 in the second half of the day on Friday. The negative shift seen in risk mood amid rising geopolitical tensions helps the US Dollar outperform its rivals and hurts the pair.
Gold extended its daily rally and climbed above $1,920 for the first time in over two weeks on Friday. Escalating geopolitical tensions ahead of the weekend weigh on T-bond yields and provide a boost to XAU/USD, which remains on track to gain nearly 5% this week.
Nvida's stock price opened marginally lower on Friday after Reuters reported that the Biden administration is attempting to close a loophole that allowed Chinese companies access to state-of-the-art computer chips used for AI.
The Standard & Poor's 500, abbreviated as the S&P 500, or just "the S&P” is a market value-weighted index of 500 large companies having common stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). It is seen as a leading indicator of U.S. equities and generally perceived as the most representative.
The S&P 500 stock market index, maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices, comprises exactly 505 common stocks – including two share classes of stock from 5 of its component companies – issued by 500 large-cap companies and traded on American stock exchanges (including the 30 companies that compose the Dow Jones Industrial Average, DJIA) and covers about 80% of the American equity market by capitalization. The index is weighted by free-float market capitalization, so more valuable companies account for relatively more of the index. The index constituents and the constituent weights are updated regularly using rules published by S&P Dow Jones Indices.
The companies of the index are selected by the S&P Index Committee, a team of analysts and economists at Standard & Poor's following selection criteria including market size, liquidity and industry grouping.
Over time, the S&P 500 can be used as a benchmark for the economy.
HISTORIC HIGHS AND LOWS FOR S&P 500
All-time records: Max: 3397 on 20/02/2020 - Min: 4.4 on 05/1932
Last 5 years: Max: 3397 on 20/02/2020 - Min: 1807 on 11/02/2016
* Data as of February 2020
ASSETS THAT INFLUENCE THE S&P 500 THE MOST
Commodities: Oil and Gold.
Bonds: T-Bond (Treasury bond is a marketable, fixed-interest U.S. government debt security).
ORGANIZATIONS, PEOPLE AND ECONOMIC DATA THAT INFLUENCE THE S&P 500
Since the S&P 500 is a benchmark of American stocks, what will impact its value is related to all those decisions and figures that affect the results of big companies in the USA. That is, among others:
interest rates decided by the Federal Reserve System, which is the central banking system of the United States of America. It was created on December 23, 1913, with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act, after a series of financial panics led to the desire for central control of the monetary system in order to alleviate financial crises. Jerome Powell is the 16th Chair of the Federal Reserve, serving in that office since February 2018. He was nominated to the Fed Chair position by former President Donald Trump and confirmed by the United States Senate.
Fiscal policy, trade deals, business laws decided by the US administration (Joe Biden), but also by the US Treasury Department (Janet Yellen) and the US Department of Commerce (Wynn Coggins). The US Department of the Treasury's mission is to maintain a strong economy and create economic and job opportunities by promoting the conditions that enable economic growth and stability at home and abroad, strengthen national security by combating threats and protecting the integrity of the financial system, and manage the U.S. Government’s finances and resources effectively. The US Department of Commerce is an executive department of the federal government concerned with promoting economic growth. Among its tasks are gathering economic and demographic data for business and government decision-making, and helping to set industrial standards
Energy prices such as electricity, oil, etc...because they have impact on production costs for those companies that are part of the S&P500.